Aspect-Oriented programming becomes more popular for PHP, but it requires good knowledge of OOP and can be very cumbersome for beginners. So it’s important to have a working examples and manuals to have a possibility to run it locally with favorite framework. Go! AOP provides all the necessary functionality for configuration of AOP into any frameworks, but integration process can be very tricky, so configuration is not so easy. In this article we will configure a working example for Yii framework.
Intercepting an execution of methods is one of the most common tasks for AOP. In the Java world there are a lot of articles that has a detailed examples for transactional control, logging, authorization, etc. But all AOP stuff in Java is related only to the classes and objects, because functions are not first-class citizens in Java whereas PHP has a good support for functions. By using some tricks we can create a proxies for system functions and add our own interceptors with custom logic. This article will show you how to use AOP techniques with functions in PHP.
Logging is probably the most mentioned sweet example of AOP. Probably because it is the simplest and most straightforward example most people can think of. So I want to show you the easiest ever way to implement logging in PHP with annotations. This article is the second part of my previous article about application-level logging with AOP in PHP and if you haven’t read it yet please do this before proceeding to this article.
So you got finished with your brand new website. It is completely PHP driven and looks very nice. But are you sure that everything works perfectly? Under every circumstances?
No. You can never be absolutely sure. That is why you need a log file to see if there where some errors. Well, if you are the kind of person that doesn’t care if some jerks who behaved wrong on you website get error messages, then you probably don’t need an error log file.
During software development one of the most important goals is the readability of source code. There are special techniques and tips that help us to improve the readability of source code. One of the techniques of improving the source code readability is using of fluent interfaces. Let’s discuss it in this article.
Go! is a PHP 5.4 framework based on OOP and AOP paradigms and designed by Lisachenko Alexander. It allows developers to add support of AOP to every PHP application.
Go! doesn’t require any PECL-extentions, it neither uses any dark magic of Runkit nor evals, the library doesn’t use DI-containers. The code with weaved aspects is fully readable and native, it can be easily debugged with XDebug. You can debug either classes or aspects. The main advantage of Go! is that potentially it can be installed in every PHP-application, because you don’t have to change the application source code at all. As an example, with the help of 10-20 lines of code we can intercept all the public, protected and static methods in all the classes of application and display the name and the arguments of each method during its execution.
What is AOP?
AOP (Aspect-Oriented Programming) is an approach to cross-cutting concerns, where the concerns are designed and implemented in a “modular” way (that is, with appropriate encapsulation, lack of duplication, etc.), then integrated into all the relevant execution points in a succinct and robust way, e.g. through declarative or programmatic means.
In AOP terms, the execution points are called join points, a particular set of them is called a pointcut and the new behavior that is executed before, after, or “around” a join point is called advice. You can read more about AOP in Introduction section.
PHP traits can be used to implement some aspect-like functionality.